The built in tutorial of Vim is very useful to know the basics. To launch it simply type the following in your terminal:
It will launch some lessons with an approach 'learning by doing'.
The ~/.vimrc file provides Vim's default configuration
set textwidth=79 " lines longer than 79 columns will be broken set shiftwidth=4 " operation >> indents 4 columns; << unindents 4 columns set tabstop=4 " a hard TAB displays as 4 columns set expandtab " insert spaces when hitting TABs set softtabstop=4 " insert/delete 4 spaces when hitting a TAB/BACKSPACE set shiftround " round indent to multiple of 'shiftwidth' set autoindent " align the new line indent with the previous line
Highlight variable under cursor:
Move cursor to its last position:
The quickest way is to hit either:
(two apostrophes) or:
(two backticks). Note that the difference is that the backtick goes to the same location on the line, whereas the apostrophe goes to the start of the line. On a UK keyboard, the apostrophe is more accessible, so I tend to use that one. There are loads of useful marks like this, see :help mark-motions. For some other motions (not 2j I think), there's also the jump-list that lets you navigate back and forth among a number of motions. Ctrl-O and Ctrl-I do this navigation, but see :help jump-motions for more information.
To display line numbers along the left side of a window, type any one of the following command while using text editor: